Robotics Engineering is a relatively new field of engineering which is solely related to building and improving robots. A robotics engineer spends most of his time designing and planning to make newer and more efficient robots. It also involves designing of processes on which the robots run and also the making of machines which will assemble the robots. The rest of the time is spend on assembly, building and testing of the robots.
To answer the question simply, robotics engineering is totally dedicated to robots – their designing, building, configuration, assembly, testing and improvement. Software systems to control the robotic systems are also designed. Many robotic systems are designed to automate the processes of specific industries to increase their precision levels and production.
The robotics engineer closely analysed and then evaluated the designs and builds a prototype which is tested and improved with further analysis. This is a never ending work because the technology is evolving and advancing rapidly with every passing day.
Robotics Engineering is a new but very exciting field because man has always been fascinated by God’s work and this fascination has lead him to try and make machines which replicate the God’s creation or make something similar to it nonetheless. Robots with highly efficient artificial intelligence are being made but still man has a long way to go to create something which is somewhere close to the God’s creation.
Robotics engineering involves a lot of research related to the designing, production, operation and use of the robotic systems. Most of this research is dedicated to finding solutions to automate the industrial tasks. Moreover, there is a good amount of research done on improving artificial intelligence and now the work is being done to understand and replicate human emotions and make the robots learn to express them. It is believed that someday the robots may become efficient enough to take the place of humans but still there is long way to go.
Robots are machines which are designed to mimic different tasks. Here are some interesting facts about robots and machines which are human-like.
A cybernetic professor calls himself the first cyborg of the world. Kevin Warwick has a computer chip which is implanted in this left arm and enables him to operate an artificial hand, an electronic wheelchair and doors.
The world’s first humanoid robot was introduced in 1939 and was named Elektro. It was 7 feet tall robot that could speak up to 700 words.
In 1981 a worker from a Japanese Kawasaki factory was killed when a robotic arm crushed him to death. This was the first ever robot homicide case reported.
Japan is home to nearly half a million robots which are being used industrially.
The only character from Star Wars movies which appears unchanged is a robot named R2D2.
There is a lot of work being done by MIT’s media lab to create robots that are personal and they are making RoCo which is a computer with a monitor in place of a head and neck and Leonardo which is made to give response to emotional cues.
The founder of Carnegie Mellon Robotics Institute, Mr. Hans Moravec predicts that in 2040 robots will rise up as their own species. According to him, the robots will be replacing humans at all necessary tasks and will be operating our society progressively well without us.
The US military has over 4000 robots which are serving. This includes Talon bots used for explosive detection. They were used to find roadside bombs in Iraq. PackBots were also used unsuccessfully to locate Osama Bin Laden’s secret hideout in Afghanistan.